So UConn’s greenhouses only grows female hemp plants — all of them are clones. There’s even a small pistil — called a preflower — on young plants that allows horticulturists to identify females without a genetic test. Cannabis is abundant in the wild — meaning an outdoor hemp field is one gust of pollen away from accidentally breeding marijuana. Thanks to the “miracle” of reproduction, a hemp crop can start off making only CBD and then unwittingly turn into a THC-laden field of marijuana. “With other highly valuable crops — like saffron or vanilla — you get a small percentage of the plant that’s actually usable yield,” Apicella explained.
HomogeneityThis refers to testing to ensure the genetic consistency across strains of cannabis, or to the even distribution of tetrahydrocannabinol or CBD in a product, such as an edible. ExtractionExtraction techniques are used to separate the chemical components of cannabis from the plant matrix. Dronabinol Dronabinol is a man-made form of a natural substance in marijuana, and it is often used to treat loss of appetite and weight loss in people with cancer or HIV infection.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid A cannabinoid that does not have psychoactive effects. The potential medicinal properties of THCA are still under study. Schedule 1 drugSchedule 1 drugs are those that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Route of administrationThe path by which a drug or substance is taken into the body.
“So how do we make a distinction when … basically looking at the plant structure, you really can’t tell the difference? ” DeBacco, one of the cannabis course professors, asked us on the campus quad after class (located in the university’s largest lecture hall, due to its popularity). If CBD comes from a hemp plant with less than 0.3 percent THC, you can buy it under federal law — but some states still have legal restrictions on the possession of CBD. VaporizerA device intended to vaporize substances for inhalation. Vaporizers can be used to heat dried cannabis, cannabis oil, or cannabis wax; they convert the active ingredients into a cannabis-infused aerosol that can be inhaled.
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But with hemp, “it’s a huge amount.” Some strains have are upwards of 12 to 15 percent CBD by weight. But in hemp, THC synthase is genetically dormant, Apicella said. As a result, some hemp plants can make loads of CBD because there is no internal competition for making THC.
- First and foremost, it’s important to realize that while high CBD strains are good for anxiety cannabis strains high in THC can actually exacerbate the problem of anxiety.
- But you do need to have a properly functioning EC system to maintain health, which many people supplement with cannabis.
- Elliot Altman, biology director of the Tennessee Center for Botanical Medicine Research, disagrees with that assessment when it comes to CBD’s therapeutic benefits.
- His lab at Middle Tennessee State University studies CBD and hemp.
- No, your body is already producing endocannabinoids on its own.
- Most CBD products are made from hemp extract, while the ratio products tend to include a variety of cannabis strains to get the right proportion.
An example might be a medication that is taken in pill form or applied to the skin . Major retailers including CVS Health, Walgreens, and Rite Aid all sell CBD products.
DispensaryMedical cannabis dispensaries are designed to give people a secure location to gather information and purchase cannabis grown to treat ailments. CureA process used to preserve the cannabis plant and retain its flavors and therapeutic properties. Curing involves removing moisture from the flowers under controlled environmental conditions. Cannabis sativaA strain of cannabis known for promoting a cerebral high. Also known as sativa, it has hallucinogenic, hypnotic, sedative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects.
CannabinolA crystalline CBD.oil, mildly psychoactive cannabinoid found in small quantities in cannabis. Cannabinol is a breakdown product of tetrahydrocannabinol that may have a sedating effect. Cannabinoid profileThe concentration of active cannabinoids in a product or medication.